College of Education, Criminal Justice, & Human ServicesCollege of Education, Criminal Justice, & Human ServicesUniversity of CincinnatiCollege of Education, Criminal Justice, & Human Services

College of Education, Criminal Justice, & Human Services

School of Criminal Justice

School of Criminal Justice

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Robin S. Engel

Title: Professor and Director of the Institute of Crime Science (ICS)
Office: 640 University Pavilion
Tel: 513-556-5849
Email: robin.engel@uc.edu

Dr. Robin S. Engel is a Professor of Criminal Justice at the University of Cincinnati and Director of the Institute of Crime Science (ICS). She received her doctorate in criminal justice from the School of Criminal Justice at the University at Albany. For the past twenty years, Dr. Engel has engaged in research and evaluation in the field of criminal justice, and worked directly with practitioners to implement crime reduction strategies while enhancing citizens’ perceptions of police legitimacy. Dr. Engel’s work includes establishing academic-practitioner partnerships and promoting best practices in policing, with expertise in empirical assessments of police behavior, police use of force, police-minority relations, police supervision and management, criminal justice policies, criminal gangs, and crime reduction strategies. She has served as the Principal Investigator for over 60 contracts and grants, and provides statistical and policy consulting for international, state, and municipal law enforcement agencies. For the last several years, she has been ranked among the top four academics, and the number one female academic in the field of criminal justice/criminology based on scholarly publications in the most elite peer-reviewed journals (Khey et al., 2011; Orrick & Weir, 2011). Her publications include empirical examinations of racial profiling, police use of force, and police supervision. She is the Principal Investigator for the Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV), which resulted in several prestigious team awards including the 2008 International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) / Motorola Webber Seavey Award for Excellence in Law Enforcement, the 2009 IACP/ West Award for Excellence in Criminal Investigations, and the 2008 National Criminal Justice Association’s Outstanding Criminal Justice Program Award.  In October 2011, Dr. Engel was one of a handful of American policing experts and the only academic selected to participate in an international forum on gang violence in 2011 hosted by the Home Office and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.  International work also includes research and speaking engagements regarding various aspects of evidence-based policing practices and police accountability in England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, Australia, Trinidad and Tobago, Mexico, and Canada.  Based on her experiences working directly with law enforcement agencies, in April 2015 she was an invited participant to the White House for a working session on Technology and Data Innovation for Transparency and Accountability in Policing hosted by the John and Laura Arnold Foundation. She teaches courses on policing and criminal justice theory/practice at the doctorate, masters, and undergraduate levels.

Education

  • B.A. Magna Cum Laude, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, New York, 1992 (Criminal Justice, Psychology Concentration: Political Science / American Government).
  • M.A., University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, New York, 1994 (Criminal Justice).
  • Ph.D., University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, New York, 1999 (Specialization: Administration of criminal justice, criminal law, advanced statistics, systematic social observation Dissertation Title: Street level supervision: Styles of patrol supervisors and their effects on subordinate behavior).

Research Information

Research Support

  • (PI), Robin S. Engel, Evaluation of CIRV Home Visits, Cincinnati Police Department & Office of Criminal Justice Services,. $17,000. 01-2009 to 12-2009.
  • Robin S. Engel, Ohio Community Initiative to Reduce Violence, Start up Funding, Office of Criminal Justice Services. 34,458. 04-2008 to 03-2009.
  • (PI), Robin S. Engel, Ohio Community Initiative to Reduce Violence, Office of Criminal Justice Services. $244,236. 04-2008 to 03-2009.
  • (co-PI), Robin S. Engel, John Eck, Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV, Year 2), City of Cincinnati. $181,927. 04-2008 to 03-2009.
  • (PI), Robin S. Engel, Seattle Open Air Drug Markets Observation Study, City of Seattle. $21,740. 07-2007 to 09-2007.
  • (co-PI), Robin S. Engel, John Eck, Evaluation and Dissemination of the Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV), Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services. $49,780, matching funds $16,593. 06-2007 to 05-2008.
  • (co-PI), Robin S. Engel, John Eck, Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV), City of Cincinnati. $353,209. 04-2007 to 03-2008.
  • (PI), Robin S. Engel, Identifying Best Practices in Criminal Interdiction Activities, Nebraska State Patrol. $35,308. 03-2007 to 09-2007.
  • (PI), Robin S. Engel, Traffic Stop Data Analysis Study, Arizona Department of Public Safety. $580,927. 03-2007 to 12-2009.
  • (co-PI), Robin S. Engel, James Frank, Less Lethal Technology: Situational and Contextual Factors in the Use of Force, Office of Criminal Justice Services. $65,333. 01-2007 to 12-2007.
  • (PI), Robin S. Engel, Crime Analysis Partnership with the Cincinnati Police Department, Cincinnati Police Department. $33,354. 01-2007 to 12-2007.
  • (co-PI), Robin S. Engel, Lawrence Travis III, Evaluation of the Ohio State Highway Patrol Vehicle Integration Technology Demonstration Project, Ohio State Highway Patrol . $49,362. 11-2006 to 07-2008.
  • (PI), Robin S. Engel, Project on Police-Citizen Contacts, Years 5-8, The Pennsylvania State Police . $332,559. 06-2006 to 12-2009.
  • (co-PI), Robin S. Engel, James Frank, Traffic Stop Data Collection Extension for the City of Cleveland, Department of Public Safety, Division of Police, Data Collection Extension, Cleveland Division of Police. $9,190. 01-2006 to 04-2006.
  • (PI), Robin S. Engel, Search and Seizure: Best Practices, State of Ohio, Office of Criminal Justice Services, and the Ohio State Highway Patrol . $92,006. 01-2006 to 12-2006.
  • (PI), Robin S. Engel, Project on Police-Citizen Contacts, Year 4, The Pennsylvania State Police. $186,214. 07-2005 to 09-2006.
  • (co-PI), Robin S. Engel, James Frank, Traffic Stop Data Collection Project for the City of Cleveland, Department of Public Safety, Division of Police, Cleveland Division of Police. $95,679. 07-2004 to 12-2005.
  • (PI), Robin S. Engel, Project on Police-Citizen Contacts, Year 3, The Pennsylvania State Police. $124,040. 06-2004 to 08-2005.
  • (PI), Robin S. Engel, Project on Police-Citizen Contacts, Year 2, The Pennsylvania State Police. $144,174. 07-2003 to 08-2004.
  • (Recipient), U. S. Speaker and Specialist Grant, U. S. Department of State, Office of International Programs, and Trinidad and Tobago’s Ministry of National Security. $4,500. 02-2002.
  • (PI), Robin S. Engel, Project on Police-Citizen Contacts, The Pennsylvania State Police . $251,804. 01-2002 to 07-2003.
  • (PI), Robin S. Engel, Police Research Methodologies: Comparisons of Structured Survey Items and Semi-structured Debriefing Data for Police Supervisors, Research & Graduate Studies Office and the Center for Research on Crime and Justice, The Pennsylvania State University. $7,700. 05-1999 to 09-1999.
  • (Principal Investigator), Engel, R. S. , Traffic stop data analysis study, Year 4 extension, Arizona Department of Public Safety. &151,078. 03-2010 to 02-2011.
  • (Principal Investigator), Engel, R. S. , Crime analysis and reporting, Uptown Consortium, Inc.. $17,500. 01-2010 to 12-2010.
  • (P), Engel, R. S. , Ohio community initiatives to reduce violence (OCIRV) Best Practices, Office of Criminal Justice Services. $182,506. 01-2010 to 12-2010.
  • (Principal Investigator), Engel, R. S. , Innovations in reducing crime, Cincinnati police department crime analysts, Office of Criminal Justice Services. $215,692. 01-2010 to 12-2010.
  • (Principal Investigator), Engel, R. S. , Evaluation of CIRV home visits conducted by the Cincinnati police department, Office of Criminal Justice Services. $4,000. 01-2010 to 12-2011.
  • (Principal Investigator), Engel, R. S. , Cincinnati Initiative to reduce violence (CIRV) Year 4, City of Cincinnati. $50,000. 01-2010 to 02-2011.
  • (P), Engel, R. S. , Project on police-citizen contacts, years 9 and 10, Pennsylvania State Police. $184,469. 01-2010 to 12-2011.
  • (Principal Investigator), Engel, R. S. , Gang related violence reduction techniques: Technical assistance and training provided to the Pittsburg Initiative to Reduce Crime, University of Pittsburg. $40,000. 10-2009 to 05-2010.
  • (Principal Investigator), Engel, R. S. , Cincinnati initiative to reduce violence (CIRV) year 3, City of Cincinnati. $60,000. 09-2009 to 02-2010.
  • (Principal Investigator), Engel, R. S. , Search and seizure: Best practices, Office of Criminal Justice Services; Ohio State Highway Patrol. $92,006. 01-2006 to 12-2006.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Search and Seizure: Best Practices, Department of Justice. (2005-JG-EOR-6268), $44,810.00. 01/01/2006 to 06/30/2007. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Search and Seizure: Best Practices, Ohio Department of Public Safety. (P66328), $47,196.00. 01/01/2006 to 12/31/2006. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Collection and Analysis of Traffic Stop Data for the City of Cleveland, Department of Public Safety, Division of Police, Cleveland Division of Police. (OSP 04183), $95,750.00. 07/01/2004 to 12/31/2005. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Project on Police-Citizen Contacts, Pennsylvania State Police. (2010020022/2), $553,067.00. 07/03/2003 to 09/30/2006. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Identifying Best Practices in Drug Interdiction Activities, Department of Justice. (2005CKWX0397), $35,308.00. 05/01/2007 to 12/31/2007. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Crime Analysis for the Cincinnati Police, Cincinnati Police Department. (SRS 002541), $33,354.00. 01/01/2007 to 12/31/2007. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin; Frank, James, Traffic Stop Data Analysis, Arizona Department of Public Safety. (L7-009-001), $884,007.00. 01/01/2007 to 04/30/2012. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin; Frank, James, Less Lethal Technology: Situational and Contextual Factors in the Use of Force, Department of Justice. (2004-BJ-E0R-6245 / 2006-JG-E0R-6245), $49,000.00. 01/01/2007 to 12/31/2007. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Eck, John; Engel, Robin, Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV), Cincinnati, City of. (75x1164), $535,136.00. 04/01/2007 to 03/31/2009. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Pennsylvania Project on Police Citizen-Contacts, Pennsylvania State Police. (ME4000010263), $517,028.00. 11/01/2006 to 03/31/2012. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Eck, John; Engel, Robin, Evaluation of the Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV), Office of Justice Programs. (2006-JG-BOV-V6239), $49,780.00. 06/01/2007 to 05/31/2008. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Community Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV), Department of Justice. (2006-JG-BOV-V6239A), $244,438.00. 03/01/2008 to 09/30/2009. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Statewide Community Initiative to Reduce Violence Start Up Funds, Office of Justice Programs. (DPA01-0000012806), $34,458.00. 09/05/2008 to 12/31/2008. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Cincinnati Police Department Graduate Assistant, Cincinnati, City of. (SRS 006088), $17,000.00. 01/01/2009 to 12/31/2009. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Cincinnati CIRV Year 3, Cincinnati, City of. (101 95X0016), $110,000.00. 08/01/2009 to 02/15/2011. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Uptown Consortium Crime Analyst, Uptown Consortium, Inc.. (SRS 006756), $37,500.00. 01/01/2010 to 01/31/2012. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Innovations in Reducing Crime, Department of Justice. (05X0057), $189,943.76. 01/01/2010 to 12/31/2010. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Cincinnati Home Visits, Department of Justice. (05X0058), $4,000.00. 01/01/2010 to 12/31/2010. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Best Practices in Violence Reduction: Ohio Community Initiatives to Reduce Violence (OCIRV), Department of Justice. (2009-JG-E0R-6239), $136,879.00. 01/01/2010 to 12/31/2012. Status: Active.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Crime Analysis, Department of Justice. (2010-JG-B01-6831), $63,282.67. 01/01/2011 to 12/31/2012. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Home Visits FY 2011, Department of Justice. (15x0055), $8,059.00. 01/01/2011 to 12/31/2011. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Home Visits 2012, Department of Justice. (25 x 0028), $5,000.00. 01/01/2012 to 12/31/2012. Status: Closed.
  • (Collaborator), Engel, Robin; Latessa, Edward; Sullivan, Christopher; Wooldredge, John, State of Ohio Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) Assessment, Department of Justice. (JJ-DMC-5550), $700,000.00. 05/01/2012 to 09/30/2013. Status: Active.
  • (PI), Corsaro, Nicholas; Engel, Robin; Latessa, Edward, Ohio Crime Science Consortium, Office of Justice Programs. (2010-JG-A0V-V6951), $50,016.00. 04/01/2012 to 12/31/2013. Status: Active.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Toledo and Youngstown CIRV (Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence), Department of Justice. (2010-JG-A0V-V6950), $50,053.00. 04/01/2012 to 12/31/2013. Status: Active.
  • (PI), Corsaro, Nicholas; Engel, Robin, Reducing Violence in New Orleans, Louisiana: Proposal for Technical Assistance, Consulting and Evaluation, New Orleans Community Support Foundation. (Professional Services Agreement), $223,480.00. 06/01/2012 to 12/31/2013. Status: Active.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Reducing Gang Violence in New Haven Connecticut, Department of Justice. (74959-A), $30,000.00. 06/01/2012 to 09/30/2012. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence, Cincinnati, City of. (Contract No. 25X0006), $320,534.00. 07/01/2012 to 06/30/2014. Status: Active.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Home Visits FY2013, Cincinnati, City of. (35X0021), $5,000.00. 01/01/2013 to 07/31/2014. Status: Active.
  • (PI), Corsaro, Nicholas; Engel, Robin; Sullivan, Christopher, OCJS Project Safe Neighborhoods, Bureau of Justice Assistance. (2012-PS_PSN-380), $79,998.16. 01/01/2013 to 09/30/2014. Status: Active.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, HotSpot Experiment, Department of Justice. (2009-JG-A0V-V6957), $20,269.00. 06/01/2013 to 09/30/2013. Status: Active.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, Reducing Gang Violence in Bridgeport and Hartford CT: Proposal for Technical Assistance, Consulting and Training, State of Connecticut Office of Policy and Management. (13PROJLong-NH), $70,463.00. 07/01/2013 to 09/30/2013. Status: Active.
  • (Collaborator), Corsaro, Nicholas; Engel, Robin; Latessa, Edward, Ohio Crime Consortium Year 3 BJA Award number 2013-DB-BX-0044, Bureau of Justice Assistance. (2013-G-E0R-6953), $361,748.60. 07/01/2014 to 09/30/2015. Status: Awarded.
  • (PI), Engel, Robin, FY 2015 Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV), Cincinnati, City of. (2014-2015 CIRV 55X0018), $105,267.00. 07/01/2014 to 06/30/2015. Status: Active.

Publications

Peer-reviewed Publications

  • Engel, R. S., & Whalen J. L. (2010). Police-Academic Partnerships Ending the Dialogue of the Deaf: The Cincinnati Experience. Police Research and Practice, 11 (2).
  • Engel, R., & Smith, M. (2009). Perceptual distortions and reasonableness during police shootings: Law, legitimacy and future research . Criminology and Public Policy, 8 (1).
  • Engel, R.S. (2008). Revisiting critical issues in police use-of-force research. Criminology and Public Policy, 7, 557-561.
  • Tillyer, R., Engel, R. S., & Wooldredge, J. (2008). The intersection of racial profiling research and the law . Journal of Criminal Justice, 36 (2), 138-153.
  • Engel, R., & Tillyer, R. (2008). Searching for equilibrium: The tenuous nature of the outcome test. Justice Quarterly, 25, 54-71.
  • Engel, R.S. (2008). A critique of the outcome test in racial profiling research. Justice Quarterly, 25, 1-36.
  • Engel, R., & Johnson, R. (2006). Toward a better understanding of racial and ethnic disparities in search and seizure rates for state police agencies. Journal of Criminal Justice, 34, 605-617.
  • Bernard, T., Calnon, J., Engel, R., & Hays, Z. (2005). Efficiency and the new differential processing. Journal of Crime & Justice, 28 (1), 79-105.
  • Novak, K., & Engel, R. (2005). Disentangling the influence of suspects' demeanor and mental disorder on arrest. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 28 (3), 493-512.
  • Engel, R.S. (2005). Citizens' perceptions of procedural and distributive injustice during traffic stops with police. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 42 (4), 445-481.
  • Engel, R., & Calnon, J. (2004). Comparing benchmark methodologies for police-citizen contacts: Traffic stop data collection for the Pennsylvania State Police. Police Quarterly, 7 (1), 97-125.
  • Engel, R., & Calnon, J. (2004). Examining the influence of drivers' characteristics during traffic stops with police: Results from a national survey. Justice Quarterly, 21 (1), 49-90.
  • Engel, R., & Worden, R. (2003). Police officers' attitudes, behavior, and supervisory influences: An analysis of problem-solving. Criminology, 41, 131-166.
  • Engel, R.S. (2003). Explaining suspects' resistance and disrespect toward police. Journal of Criminal Justice, 31, 475-492.
  • Novak, K., Frank, J., Smith, B., & Engel, R. (2002). Revisiting the decision to arrest: Comparing beat and community officers. Crime and Delinquency, 48 (1), 70-98.
  • Engel, R.S. (2002). Patrol officer supervision in the community-policing era. Journal of Criminal Justice, 30 (1), 51-64.
  • Engel, R., Calnon, J., & Bernard, T. (2002). Theory and racial profiling: Shortcomings and future directions in research. Justice Quarterly, 19 (2), 249-273.
  • Engel, R., & Silver, E. (2001). Policing mentally disordered suspects: A reexamination of the criminalization hypothesis. Criminology, 39 (2), 225-252.
  • Bernard, T., & Engel, R. (2001). Conceptualizing criminal justice theory. Justice Quarterly, 18 (1), 1-30.
  • Engel, R.S. (2001). Supervisory styles of patrol sergeants and lieutenants. Journal of Criminal Justice, 29, 341-355.
  • Engel, R.S. (2000). The effects of supervisory styles on patrol officer behavior. Police Quarterly, 3 (3), 262-293.
  • Engel, R., Sobol, J., & Worden, R. (2000). Further exploration of the demeanor hypothesis: The interaction effects of suspects’ characteristics and demeanor on police behavior. Justice Quarterly, 17 (2), 235-258.
  • Worden, R., & Shepard, R. (1996). Demeanor, crime, and police behavior: A reexamination of the Police Services Study data. Criminology, 34 (1), 83-105.
  • Worden, R., Shepard, R., & Mastrofski, S. (1996). On the meaning and measurement of suspects’ demeanor toward the police. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 33 (3), 324-336.
  • Widom, C. S., & Shepard, R. L. (1996). Accuracy of adult recollections of childhood victimization: Part 1. Childhood physical abuse. Psychological Assessment, 8 (4), 412-421.
  • Tillyer, R., & Engel, R. S. (In Progress). Best practices in vehicle stop data collection and analysis. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management.
  • Engel, R. S., & Smith, M. R. (Under Review). Is there racial disparity in police drug enforcement? Revisiting Seattle with a new methodological approach..
  • Tillyer, R., & Engel, R. S. (Under Review). The impact of drivers' race, gender, and age during traffic stops: Assessing interaction terms and the social conditioning model..
  • Tillyer, R., Engel, R. S., & Lovins, B. (Under Review). Beyond Boston: Applying theory to understand and address sustainability issues in focused deterrence initiatives for violence reduction..

Book Chapters

  • Engel, R. S. (2010). In Rice, S. K.; White, M. D. (Eds.), Race, Ethnicity, and Policing: New and Essential Readings New York: New York University Press.
  • Engel, R.S. (2001). Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice, Revised Edition. In J. Dressler (Eds.), Police officer behavior New York: Macmillan Reference.
  • Engel, R.S. (2001). Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice, Revised Edition. In J. Dressler (Eds.), Police history New York: Macmillan Reference.
  • Engel, R.S. (2001). Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice, Revised Edition. In J. Dressler (Eds.), Urban police New York: Macmillan Reference.
  • Engel, R. S. (In Press). Forward. In Black, Brown and Shades of Blue: Exploring Race, Ethnicity and Policing (Stephen K. Rice and Michael D. White, eds.). New York: New York : University Press.
  • Engel, R. S., Klahm, C. F., Tillyer, R. (In Press). Citizens’ Demeanor, Race and Traffic Stops. In Black, Brown and Shades of Blue: Exploring Race, Ethnicity and Policing (Stephen K. Rice and Michael D. White, eds.). New York: New York : University press.
  • Engel, R.S. (In Press). Race, Ethnicity and Policing: The Issues, Methods, Research and Future. In S.K. Rice & M.D. White (Eds.), Understanding racial profiling research NYU Press.

Electronic Journal Articles

  • Engel, R.S., Smith, M.R., Cullen, F. T. (In Progress). Race, Place, and Drug Enforcement: Revisiting Seatt;e with a New Methodological Approach. Criminology and Public Policy.
  • Engwl, R.S., Tillyer, M.S., and Corsaro, N. (In Progress). Reducing Gang Violence Using Focussed Deterrence: Evaluating the Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV). Justice Quarterly.
  • Engel, R.S., Tillyer, M.S., Klahm, C.F., and Frank, J. (In Progress). From the Officer's Perspective: A multilevel examination of citizens' demeanor during traffic stops. Justice Quarterly.
  • Tillyer, R., Klahm, C.F., and Engel, R.S. (In Progress). The Discretion to Search: A mulitlevel examination of citizen demographics and officer characteristics. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice.
  • Tillyer, R. and Engel, R.S. (In Progress). The impact of drivers' race, gender, and age during traffic stops: Assessing interaction terms and the social conditioning model. Crime and Delinquency.
  • Ozer, M., and Engel, R.S. (2012). Revisiting the use of propensity score matching to understand the relationship between gang membership and violent victimization: A cautionary note.. Justice Quarterly, 29 (1).
  • Tillyer, R., Engel, R.S., and Lovins, B. (In Progress). Beyond Boston: Applying theory to understand and address sustainability issues in focused deterrence initiantives for violence reduction. Crime and Delinquency.

Other Publications

  • Engel, R. S. (2002). Remarks delivered at the Ministry of National Security's War on Crime program..
  • Engel, R. S. (2006). Deposition given in Jackson v. Williams et al. (Civil Action No. 00-4875), Trenton, New Jersey, February 7, 2006..
  • Engel, R. S. (2001). Expert testimony given before hte Pennsylvania House of Representatives, Judiciary Committee on House Resolution 269 and the issue of racial profiling, October 22, 2001, Harrisburg, PA..

Technical Reports

  • University of Cincinnati Policing Institute (2010). Pittsburg initiative to reduce crime: Findings from gang intelligence gathering sessions..
  • University of Cincinnati Policing Institute (2009). Implementation of the Cincinnati initiative to reduce violence (CIRV): Year 2 final report ..
  • Engel, R. S., Tillyer, M. S., Monk, K., & Dunham, J. R. (2009). Ohio community initiatives to reduce violence final report..
  • Engel, R. S., Cherkauskas, J. M., Smith, M. R., Moore, K., & Lytle, D. (2009). Traffic stop data analysis study: Year 3 final report..
  • Engel, R. S., Tillyer, R., & Cherkauskas, J. M. (2009). Project on police-citizen contacts: Final report, 2007..
  • Engel, R. S., Duru, H., Ozer, M., Henson, B., Monk, K. M., & Hall, D. (2009). Ohio community initiative to reduce violence: Summary of findings for Toledo, Ohio: Supplemental report 2..
  • Engel, R. S., Tillyer, R., & Cherkauskas, J. M. (2008). Project on police-citizen contacts: Final report, 2006..
  • Engel, R. S., Ozer, M., Tillyer, M. S., Dunham, J., & Monk, K. (2008). Ohio community initiative to reduce violence summary of findings from Cleveland, OH, supplemental report..
  • Engel, R. S., Tillyer, M. S., Ozer, M., Monk, K., & Hall, D. (2008). Ohio community initiative to reduce violence summary of findings from Cleveland, OH..
  • Engel, R. S., Monk, K., Tillyer, M. S., Dunham, J., & Hall, D. (2008). Ohio community initiative to reduce violence summary of findings from Mansfield, OH..
  • Engel, R. S., Tillyer, M. S., Duru, H., Monk, K., & Hall, D. (2008). Ohio community initiative to reduce violence summary of findings from Youngstown, OH..
  • Engel, R. S., Tillyer, M. S., Ozer, M., Hall, D., Dunham, J., & Monk, K. (2008). Ohio community initiative to reduce violence summary of findings from Dayton, OH..
  • Engel, R. S., Baker, S. G., Tillyer, M. S., Eck. J., & Dunham, J. (2008). Implementation of the Cincinnati initiative to reduce violence (CIRV): Year 1 report..
  • Engel, R. S., Baker, S. G., Tillyer, M. S., Eck. J., & Dunham, J. (2008). Implementation of the Cincinnati initiative to reduce violence (CIRV): Interim report..
  • Engel, R. S., Baker, S. G., Tillyer, M. S., Eck. J., & Dunham, J. (2008). Implementation of the Cincinnati initiative to reduce violence (CIRV): Interim Report..
  • Engel, R. S. (2008). Identifying and promoting best practices during traffic stops: Final report prepared for the Fairfield, OH police department..
  • Engel, R. S., Cherkauskas, J. M., & Smith, M. R. (2008). Traffic stop data analysis study: Year 2 final report..
  • Engel, R. S., Cherkauskas, J. M., & Smith, M. R. (2008). Utilizing focus groups to evaluate criminal interdiction practices for the Arizona Department of Public Safety: Final report..
  • Frank, J. Cherkauskas, J. M., Engel, R. S., & Smith, M. R. (2008). Citizen perceptions of traffic stops conducted by the Arizona Department of Public Safety..
  • Tillyer, R., Klahm, C., Engel, R. S., & Frank. J. (2005). Pilot test report for the Cleveland division of police traffic stop study..
  • Engel, R. S., Calnon, J. M., Tillyer, R., Johnson, R. R., Liu, L., & Wang, X. (2005). Project on police-citizen contacts: Year 2 final report..
  • Engel, R. S., Tillyer, R., & Wooldredge, J. (2004). Critique of Solop's I-40 and I-17 stop data reports..
  • Engel, R. S. (2005). Arizona Department of Safety traffic stop data report, January 2003-December 2003, Focus on I-17..
  • Engel, R. S. (2004). Arizona Department of Safety traffic stop data report, January 2003-December 2003..
  • Engel, R. S., Calnon, J. M., & Liu, L. Johnson, R. R. (2004). Project on police-citizen contacts, year 1 final report..
  • Engel, R. S., Calnon, J. M., Liu, L., & Johnson, R. R. (2004). Project on police-citizen contacts, year 1 final report..
  • Engel, R. S. (2003). How police supervisory styles influence patrol officer behavior..
  • Engel, R. S., Calnon, J. M., & Dutill, J. R. (2003). Project on police citizen contacts: Third quarter report..
  • Engel, R. S., Calnon, J. M., & Dutill, J. R. (2003). Project on police citizen contacts: Six month report..
  • Engel, R. S., Calnon, J. M., & Dutill, J. R. (2002). Project on police citizen contacts: First quqrter report..
  • Engel, R. S., & Worden, R. E. (2000). Police officers' attitudes, behavior, and supervisory influences: An analysis of problem-solving..
  • Engel, R. S. (2000). Patrol officer supervision in the community policing era..
  • Engel, R. S.: SIlver, E. (2000). Policing mentally disordered suspects: A reexamination of the criminalization hypothesis..
  • Shepard, R. L. (1999). Patrol supervisory styles..
  • Parks, R. B., Mastrofski, S. D., Reiss, Jr., A. J., Worden, R. E., Terrill, W. C., DeJong, C., Stroshine, M., & Shepard, R. L. (1998). St. Petersburg Project on Policing Neighborhoods: A study of the Police and the Community..
  • Engel, R. S., Tillyer, R., Cherkauskas, J. M., & Frank. J. (2007). Traffic stop data analysis study: Year 1 final report..
  • Engel, R. S., Cherkauskas, J. M., & Tillyer, R. (2007). Traffic stop data analysis study interim report: Literature review and review of other jurisdictions..
  • Engel, R. S., Tillyer, R., & Cherkauskas, J. M. (2007). Understanding best search and seizure practices: Final report..

Presentations & Lectures

Invited Presentations

  • Engel, R. S. & Gerard, D. (12/17/2009). CIRV Taliband Gang Enforcement Presentation to the Cincinnati Police Department, Criminal Investigation Division, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R. S. & Gerard, D. (01/20/2009). Taliband Gang Enforcement Presentation to the Northern Ohio Violence Consortium Cities; Sponsered by the Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services (OCJS), Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R.S. (01/20/2009). Ohio Community Initiatives to Reduce Violence: Updates from Cincinnati Presentation to the Northern Ohio Violence Consortium Cities; Sponsered by the Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services (OCJS), Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R.S. (01/20/2009). Ohio Community Initiatives to Reduce Violence: Updates from Cincinnati Presentation to the Northern Ohio Violence Consortium Cities; Sponsered by the Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services (OCJS), Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R. S. & Gerard, D. (01/09/2009). Taliband Gang Enforcement Presentation to the City Manager's Advisory Group, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Baker, S.G., Engel, R.S., Whalen, J., Garcia, V., Love, R., & Ross, S. (11/20/2008). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Presentation to CIRV Governing Board, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R. S., Cherkauskas, J. M., Smith, M. R. & Frank, J. (11/05/2008). Traffic Stop Data Analysis Study: Year 2 Final Report Presentation to the Arizona Department of Public Safety Criminal Intelligence Division, Phoenix, AZ.
  • Engel, R. S., Cherkauskas, J. M., Smith, M. R. & Frank, J. (11/04/2008). Traffic Stop Data Analysis Study: Year 2 Final Report Presentation to the Arizona Department of Public Safety Highway Patrol Division, Phoenix, AZ.
  • Engel, R. S., Cherkauskas, J. M., Smith, M. R. & Frank, J. (11/04/2008). Traffic Stop Data Analysis Study: Year 2 Final Report Presentation to the Arizona Department of Public Safety Canine Unit, Phoenix, AZ.
  • Engel, R. S., Cherkauskas, J. M., Smith, M. R. & Frank, J. (11/03/2008). Traffic Stop Data Analysis Study: Year 2 Final Report Presentation to the Arizona Department of Public Safety Senior Command Staff, Phoenix, AZ.
  • Engel, R.S. & Whalen, J. (10/22/2008). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Presentation to CIRV Toledo Law Enforcement Team, Toledo, OH.
  • Baker, S.G., Streicher, T.H., Engel, R.S., Whalen, J., Love, R., Dowdell, G., & Ross, S. (10/21/2008). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Presentation to Cincinnati City Council, Law and Public Safety Committee, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R.S. (10/16/2008). An Evening at a Great University: Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Engel, R.S. (09/18/2008). Violence Reduction Initiatives: Promising Practices Ohio Crime Conference: Effective Strategies for Reducing and Preventing Crime, Columbus, Ohio.
  • Engel, R.S., Baker, S.G., & Whalen, J. (09/18/2008). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) 2008 Ohio Crime Conference: Effective Strategies for Reducing and Preventing Crime, Columbus, Ohio.
  • Engel, R.S. & Whalen, J. (08/25/2008). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) CIRV Youngstown Law Enforcement Team, Youngstown, Ohio.
  • Engel, R. S. & Gerard, D. (07/02/2008). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) CIRV Cleveland Law Enforcement Team, Cleveland, Ohio.
  • Engel, R.S. (06/25/2008). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Ohio Senate Democratic Caucas: Listening Tour, Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Engel, R.S. (06/18/2008). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) CIRV Mansfield Law Enforcement Team, Mansfield, Ohio.
  • Engel, R.S., Baker, S.G., Streicher, T.H., Whalen, J., Garcia, V., Love, R., Dowdell, G., Ross, S. & Kennedy, D. (05/06/2008). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Cincinnati City Council, Law and Public Safety Committee, Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Engel, R.S., Baker, S.G., (04/17/2008). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Hamilton County Juvenile Justice Commission, Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Engel, R.S., Baker, S.G., & Whalen, J. (04/16/2008). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Hamilton County Juvenile Court, Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Engel, R. S., Baker, S. G., Whalen, J., Garcia, V., Love, R., & Ross, S. (04/14/2008). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) CIRV Governing Board, Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Engel, R.S. (04/09/2008). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) MARCC Delegates Council, Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Engel, R. S., Baker, S. G., Whalen, J., Spector, A., & Ross, S. (04/02/2008). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) OCJS Training Seminar, Richfield, Ohio.
  • Engel, R.S. (03/18/2008). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Presentation to the University of Cincinnati Board of Trustees, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R.S., Baker, S.G., Whalen, J. (02/27/2008). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Presentation to the Hamilton County Juvenile Court, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R.S. (02/25/2008). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Presentation to Dr. Steven Covey, UC President Nancy Zimpher, and invited guests, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Baker, S.G., Engel, R.S., Whalen, J., Love, R., Ross, S., Spector, A. (02/12/2008). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Presentation to Cincinnati City Council, Law & Public Safety Committee, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R.S. (11/06/2007). Traffic Stop Data Analysis Study: 2007 Final Report Presentation to the Arizona Department of Public Safety command staff, Phoenix, AZ.
  • Engel, R.S. (11/02/2007). Identifying Best Practices in Search and Seizure Activities Presentation to Ohio State Highway Patrol Command Staff Annual Meeting, Columbus, OH.
  • Baker, S.G., Engel, R.S. (10/18/2007). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Presentation to Urban League of Greater Cincinnati Board of Directors, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Baker, S.G., Whalen, J., Engel, R.S. (10/09/2007). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Presentation to Cincinnati Police Department, Annual Leadership Retreat, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R.S., Tillyer, M.S., Baker, S.G., Whalen, J. (09/11/2007). Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Presentation to Columbus Police Department, Columbus, OH.
  • Engel, R.S., Baker, S.G. (08/14/2007). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Presentation to CIRV Governing Board, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R.S., Tillyer, M.S. (08/08/2007). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Presentation to Uptown Consortium Public Safety Committee, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Streicher, T., Garcia, V., Ross, S., Spector, A., Engel, R.S., Kennedy, D.M., Tillyer, M.S. (08/01/2007). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Presentation to Ohio Association of Chiefs of Police, 2007 Annual Conference, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R.S., Baker, S.G. (07/19/2007). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Presentation to Friends of the Collaborative, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R.S. (06/29/2007). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Presentation to Ohio State Attorney General’s Office Staff, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R.S., Tillyer, R. (05/31/2007). Overview of the Arizona Department of Public Safety Traffic Stop Data Analysis Study Presentation to Arizona Department of Public Safety highway patrol staff, Tucson, AZ.
  • Engel, R.S., Tillyer, R. (05/30/2007). Overview of the Arizona Department of Public Safety Traffic Stop Data Analysis Study Presentation to the Arizona Department of Pffublic Safety highway patrol staff, Phoenix, AZ.
  • Engel, R.S., Tillyer, R. (05/30/2007). of the Arizona Department of Public Safety Traffic Stop Data Analysis Study Presentation to the Arizona Department of Public Safety highway patrol staff, Flagstaff, AZ.
  • Engel, R.S. (05/09/2007). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Presentation to the MARCC Delegates Council, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R.S., Garcia, V. (04/24/2007). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Presentation to the Cincinnati Gang Initiative Group, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R.S. (04/20/2007). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Presentation to the Cincinnati Children’s Hospital and Medical Center Board of Directors, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R.S. (03/28/2007). Overview of the Arizona Department of Public Safety Traffic Stop Data Analysis Study Presentation to the Arizona Department of Public Safety command staff, Phoenix, AZ.
  • Engel, R.S. (02/28/2007). Results from the Cleveland Division of Police, Traffic Stop Study Presentation to the Cleveland City Council Public Safety Committee, Cleveland, OH.
  • Engel, R.S. (02/21/2007). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV) Presentation to the Uptown Consortium Executive Board, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R.S. (12/13/2006). Update on Bias-Based Policing Litigation and Research Presentation to Fairfield Police Department, Fairfield, OH.
  • Engel, R.S. (08/25/2006). Update on Bias-Based Policing Litigation and Research Presentation to Nebraska State Patrol command staff, Grand Island, NE.
  • Frank, J., Engel, R.S., Tillyer, R., Klahm, C.F. (08/02/2006). Cleveland Division of Police Traffic Stop Study: Final Report Presentation to the City of Cleveland, Division of Police, Office of the Chief, Cleveland, OH.
  • Engel, R.S. (07/20/2006). Examining Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Search and Seizure Rates: Implications for Training Presentation to the Pennsylvania State Police training staff and command personnel, Harrisburg, PA.
  • Engel, R.S. (05/16/2006). Update on Bias-Based Policing Litigation and Research Presentation to IACP North Central Region, State and Provincial Police, Regional Meetings, Columbus, OH.
  • Engel, R.S., Eck, J. (06/11/2005). Can we have it all? Toward equitable and effective policing Paper presented at Istanbul Conference on Democracy and Global Security, Istanbul, Turkey.
  • Engel, R.S. (06/06/2005). A Critique of the KPT Principle Presentation during 2005 Criminology and Economics Summer Workshop. Programs on the Economics of Crime and Justice Policy, University of Maryland, Elkridge, Maryland.
  • Engel, R.S., Tillyer, R. (03/01/2005). The State of Racial Profiling Research: Analytical Issues Involved in Benchmarking and Examining Post-Stop Outcomes Presentation to Ohio Highway Patrol, Columbus, OH.
  • Engel, R.S. (02/23/2005). Yes or No – Does “Consent” Matter? Examining Consent Searches for Two State Police Agencies Presentation to the Police Policy Research Group at the University of Albany, Albany, NY.
  • Engel, R.S. (08/24/2004). The All Important Numerator (Stop Data) Presentation at “By the Numbers: How to Analyze Race Data from Vehicle Stops,” sponsored by the Police Executive Research Forum and the COPS Office, Kansas City, MO.
  • Engel, R. S., Alpert, G. (08/24/2004). Ensuring Data Quality Presentation at “By the Numbers: How to Analyze Race Data from Vehicle Stops,” sponsored by Police Executive Research Forum and COPS Office, Kansas City, MO.
  • Engel, R.S. (08/24/2004). Analyzing Post-Stop Data Presentation at “By the Numbers: How to Analyze Race Data from Vehicle Stops,” sponsored by Police Executive Research Forum and COPS Office, Kansas City, MO.
  • Zingraff, M., Engel, R.S. (08/24/2004). Observation Benchmarking Presentation at “By the Numbers: How to Analyze Race Data from Vehicle Stops,” sponsored by Police Executive Research Forum and COPS Office, Kansas City, MO.
  • Engel, R.S. (05/25/2004). Project on Police-Citizen Contacts Year 1 Final Report Presentation to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Legislative Black Caucus, Harrisburg, PA.
  • Engel, R. S., Edelman, W. (03/31/2004). Results from the MARCS intra-operability study Presentation to the Ohio Highway Patrol and the SIEC committee, Columbus, OH.
  • Engel, R.S. (12/11/2003). Racial Profiling: Research Issues and Findings Presentation to the Roanoke, VA Police Department, Roanoke, VA.
  • Engel, R.S. (11/05/2003). Issues Surrounding Benchmarking in Racial Profiling Research Presentation at the Third National Symposium on Racial Profiling, sponsored by Northwestern University Center for Public Safety and the Police Executive Research Forum, Chicago, IL.
  • Engel, R.S. (02/21/2002). Understanding community policing policies in the Unites States: Assessing similarities, differences, and effectiveness Presentation to the Minister of National Security, Commissioner of Police, and senior officers from Trinidad and Tobago, Port of Spain, Trinidad.
  • Engel, R.S. (02/15/2002). Why do cops do what they do? Colloquium series sponsored by the Pennsylvania PrisonSociety, Centre County Branch, State College, PA.
  • Engel, R.S., Silver, E. (01/14/2002). Policing mentally disordered suspects Colloquium series sponsored by the Psychiatry Department and Center for Mental Health Policy and Service Research, University of Pennsylvania.
  • Shepard, R.L. (07/18/2001). The effects of supervisory styles on patrol officer behavior Paper presented at the National Institute of Justice annual conference, Washington, D.C..
  • Engel, R. S.; Whalen, J. L. (01/20/2010). Update for the Cincinnati initiative to reduce violence Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Engel, R. S.; Gerard, D. (12/06/2009). CIRV Taliband gang enforcement John Joy College, New York City.
  • Engel, R. S. (11/12/2009). Youth, gangs, and violence: Promising violence reduction initiatives in the United States "Restoring Respect" Conference, Belfast, Ireland.
  • Engel, R. S.; Baker, G.; Whalen, J. (09/22/2009). Cincinnati initiative to reduce violence Hamilton, OH.
  • Engel, R. S.; Baker, G. (08/11/2009). Cincinnati initiative to reduce violence Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Engel, R. S. (07/07/2009). Cincinnati initiative to reduce violence Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Engel, R. S. (06/03/2009). Data collection and analyses for gang enforcement (and other academic nonsence that might actually help law enforcement) Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Engel, R. S.; Baker, G.; Ware, N. (05/12/2009). Cincinnati initiative to reduce violence Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Engel, R. S.; Whalen, J. L.; Gerard, D. (04/13/2009). CIRV Taliband gang enforcement Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Engel, R. S.; Gerard, D.; Dunham, J. CIRV Taliband gang enforcement John Jay College, New York City.
  • Engel, R. S. (03/13/2009). A decade of crime and safety: Overview and future trends Xavier University, Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Engel, R. S.; Gerard, D. (03/12/2009). CIRV Taliband gang enforcement Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Whalen, J. L.; Gerard, D.; Engel, R. S. (01-2009). CIRV Taliband gang enforcement Amberly, Ohio.
  • Engel, R. S.; Gerard, D. (01/20/2009). CIRV Taliband gang enforcement Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Engel, R. S.; Gerard, D. (12/17/2009). CIRV Taliband gang enforcement Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Baker, S. G.; Engel, R. S.; Whalen, J.; Garcia, V.; Love, R.; Ross, S. (10/20/2008). Cincinnati initiative to reduce violence (CIRV) Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Engel, R. S.; Baker, G. (06/02/2008). Cincinnati initiative to reduce violence (CIRV) Cleveland, Ohio.
  • Engel, R. S. (04/09/2008). Cincinnati initiative to reduce violence (CIRV) Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Engel, R. S. (02/18/2008). Cincinnati initiative to reduce violence (CIRV) Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Baker, S. G.; Engel, R. S.; Whalen, J. (02/16/2008). Cincinnati initiative to reduce violence (CIRV) Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • Engel, R. S. (11/02/2006). Identifying best practices in search and seizure activities Columbus Ohio.
  • Engel, R. S. (02/05/2002). Why do cops do what they do? State College, PA.
  • Engel, R.S., Cherkauskas, J.M., and Smith, M.R. (02/29/2012). Traffic Stop Data Analysis Study: Year 5 Final Report Arizona Department of Public Safety, Phoenix, AZ.
  • Engel, R.S., and Gerard, D.W. (01/12/2012). What Works in Policing? Facilitating Evidence-Based Practices. Yolo County, California Law Enforcement Officials, Woodland, CA.
  • Engel, R.S., and Whalen, J.L. (11/03/2011). Focused Deterrence Approaches to Reduce Violence Ohio Offices of Criminal Justice Strategic Planning Conference, Colombus, OH.
  • Engel, R.S., Cherkauskas, J.M., and Smith, M.R. (01/27/2011). Traffic Stop Data Analysis Study: Year 4 Final Report Arizona Department of Public Safety, Phoenix, AZ.
  • Engel, R.S. (01/25/2011). Reducing Gang Violence Using Focused Deterrence Strategies National Alliance of Gang Investigators Association, 2011 World Gang Summit, Phoenix, AZ.

Paper Presentations

  • Engel, R. S. & Gerard, D. (12-2009). CIRV Taliband Gang Enforcement. Presentation to the Cincinnati Police Department, Criminal Investigation Division, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R. S., Gerard, D., Dunham, J. (03-2009). CIRV Taliband Gang Enforcement, Presentation at John Jay College, New York, NY.
  • Engel, R. S. (03-2009). A Decade of Crime and Safety: Overview and Future Trends. Cincinnati Police Department Annual Command Staff Retreat, Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R. S. & Gerard, D. (03-2009). CIRV Taliband Gang Enforcement. Presentation at the . Cincinnati Police Department Annual Command Staff Retreat., Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Whalen, J. L., Gerard, D. and Engel, R. S. (01-2009). CIRV Taliband Gang Enforcement. Presentation to the Hamilton County Chiefs , Amberley, OH.
  • Engel, R. S. & Gerard, D. (01-2009). CIRV Taliband Gang Enforcement. Presentation to the Northern Ohio Violence Consortium Cities; Sponsored by the Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services (OCJS), Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R. S. (01-2009). Ohio Community Initiatives to Reduce Violence: Updates from Cincinnati. Presentation to the Northern Ohio Violence Consortium Cities; Sponsored by the Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services (OCJS), Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R. S. & Gerard, D. (01-2009). CIRV Taliband Gang Enforcement. Presentation to the City Manager’s Advisory Group, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Engel, R.S., Streicher, T.H., Baker, S.G., Whalen, J., & Spector, A. (03/14/2008). Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV). Panel at the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Annual Meeting, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Tillyer, R. & Engel, R.S. (11/14/2007). The Intersection of Gender & Race in Traffic Stop Outcomes. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology Annual Meetings, Atlanta, GA.
  • Engel, R.S. & Tillyer, R. (03/15/2007). Police Search Decisions during Traffic Stops: Understanding Low Hispanic Hit Rates. Paper presented at the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Annual Meetings, Seattle, WA.
  • Tillyer, R., Engel, R.S., Frank, J. & Klahm, C.F. (11/01/2006). Benchmarks in an urban setting: A comparison of observations and residential Census data. Presented at the American Society of Criminology Annual Meetings, Los Angles, CA.
  • Engel, R.S., Frank, J., Klahm, C.F. & Tillyer, R. (11/01/2006). Understanding Police Decision Making during Traffic Stops: Results from the Cleveland Division of Police Traffic Stop Study. Presented at the American Society of Criminology Annual Meetings, Los Angeles, CA.
  • Engel, R.S. (11-2005). Understanding Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Police Searches, Hit Rates, and Consent: Traffic Stop Data Results for the Pennsylvania State Police. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology annual meetings, Toronto, ON, Canada.
  • Tillyer R., Engel R.S., & Wooldredge J. (11-2005). Beyond Drivers’ Race and Ethnicity: The Influence of Organizational and Community Characteristics in Traffic Stop Dispositions in Arizona. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology annual meetings, Toronto, ON, Canada.
  • Tillyer R., Engel R.S., & Wooldredge J. (03-2005). Examining Traffic Stop Dispositions: Results from the Arizona Department of Public Safety. Paper presented at the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences annual meetings, Chicago, IL.
  • Engel, R.S. & Calnon, J.M. (11-2004). Examining differences in speeding behavior: Results from a statewide roadway observation study. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology annual meetings, Nashville, TN.
  • Tillyer R. & Engel, R.S. (11-2004). Modeling racial and ethnic differences in traffic stops: A macro-level approach. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology annual meetings, Nashville, TN.
  • Widom, C.S. & Shepard, R.L. (11-2004). Accuracy of retrospective memories of early childhood victimization. Workshop at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Miami, FL.
  • Novak, K.J. & Engel, R.S. (03-2004). Revisiting the Criminalization Hypothesis of Police-Mentally Disordered Suspects. Paper presented at the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences annual meetings, Las Vegas, NV.
  • Engel, R.S. & Novak, K.J. (11-2003). Race, demeanor, resistance and police coercion: Disentangling the relationships. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology annual meetings, Denver, CO.
  • Engel, R.S. (11-2002). Citizens' perceptions of procedural and distributive injustice during traffic stops with police. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology annual meetings, Chicago, IL.
  • Calnon, J.M. & Engel, R.S. (11-2002). Further exploration of base rate methodologies for police traffic stops. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology annual meetings, Chicago, IL.
  • Engel, R.S. (11-2001). Explaining suspect disrespect toward police. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology annual meetings, Atlanta, GA.
  • Engel, R.S. (04-2001). Does police supervision matter? A conceptual framework for understanding supervisory influence over officer behavior. Paper presented at the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences annual meetings, Washington, DC.
  • Calnon, J.M. & Engel, R.S. (04-2001). Issues surrounding the collection of racial profiling data. Paper presented at the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences annual meetings, Washington, DC.
  • Engel, R.S. & Silver, E. (11-2000). Policing mentally disordered suspects: Revisiting the criminalization hypothesis. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology annual meetings, San Francisco, CA.
  • Engel, R.S. & Silver, E. (03-2000). Policing the mentally ill. Paper presented at the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, New Orleans, LA.
  • Shepard, R.L. & Hayslett-McCall, K. (11-1999). Patrol supervisors’ attitudes toward community policing: Comparing structured survey items and semi-structured debriefing data. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology, Toronto, ON, Canada.
  • Bernard, T.J. & Shepard, R.L. (11-1999). Criminal justice theory. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology, Toronto, ON, Canada .
  • Shepard, R.L., Hayslett-McCall, K., & Binder, M. (03-1999). Survey research methodologies: Comparing structured survey items and semi-structured debriefing data for police supervisors. Paper presented at the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, Orlando, FL.
  • Shepard, R.L. (03-1999). The effects of supervisory styles on officer behavior. Paper presented at the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, Orlando, FL.
  • Shepard, R.L. (11-1998). Leadership styles of patrol field officers. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Washington, DC.
  • Shepard, R.L., Stroshine, M.S., Worden, R.E. & Bynum, T.S. (11-1997). Patterns of street-level supervision. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, San Diego, CA.
  • Shepard, R.L., Sobol, J.J., & Worden, R.E. (03-1997). Further exploration of the demeanor hypothesis: The interaction effects of suspects’ characteristics and demeanor on police behavior. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, Louisville, KY.
  • Bayley, D.H., Worden, R.E., McCluskey, J., & Shepard, R.L. (03-1996). The utilization and management of police overtime. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, Las Vegas, NV.
  • Shepard, R.L. & Worden, R.E. (11-1995). Police supervision: Differences within and between police departments. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Boston, MA.
  • Worden, R.E. & Shepard, R.L. (11-1994). On the meaning, measurement, and estimated effects of suspects’ demeanor toward the police. presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Miami, Fl.
  • Engel, R. S.; Cherkauskas, J. M.; Tillyer, R. (02/24/2010). Race effects or model misspecification? Understanding racial and ethnic disparities in traffic outcomes in Arizona. Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Annual Meeeting, San Diego, CA.
  • Godsey, T. W.; Engel, R. S. (02/24/2010). Community engagement for focused deterrence initiatives. Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Annual Meeeting, San Diego, CA.
  • Ozer, M. M.; Hall, D.; Engel, R. S. (02/24/2010). Assessing the impact of liquor license businesses on crime in Cincinnati. Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Annual Meeeting, San Diego, CA.
  • Dunham, J. R.; Engel, R. S. (11/04/2009). Disrupting criminal gang networks: The use of social network analysis in law enforcement . American Society of Criminology Annual Meetings, Philadelphia, PA.
  • Ozer, M.; Engel, R. S. (11/04/2009). The crime prevention impact of the Cincinnati police department's automatic license plate readers (ALPR). American Society of Criminology Annual Meetings, Philadelphia, PA.
  • Reitler, A.; Frank, J.; Engel, R. S. (11/04/2009). United States district court responses to the retroactivity of the crack cocaine amendment. American Society of Criminology Annual Meetings, Philadelphia, PA.
  • Tillyer, R.; Engel, R. S. (03/11/2009). Driver demographics and traffic stop outcomes. Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Annual Meeeting, Los Angeles, CA.
  • Smith, M. R.; Engel, R. S. (11/15/2008). Race, drugs, and policing in Seattle. American Society of Criminology Annual Meetings, St. Louis, MO.
  • Tillyer, R.; Engel, R. S. (11/15/2008). Decision points in criminal justice: The parallel history and future of sentencing and bias-based policing research. American Society of Criminology Annual Meetings, St. Louis, MO.
  • Widom, C. S.; Shepard, R. L. (11/09/1994). Accuracy of retrospective memories of early childhood victimization. Workshop at the annual meeting of hte American Society of Criminology, Miami, FL.

Lectures

  • (04/03/2009). Ohio community initiatives to reduce violence: Research roundtable workshop. Training Seminar, Columbus Ohio.
  • (01/20/2009). Ohio community initiatives to reduce violence: Date collection workshop. Training Seminar, Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • (01/20/2009). Ohio community initiatives to reduce violence: Gang enforcement workshop. Training Seminar, Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • (04/02/2008). Violence prevention initiatives: Focused deterrence approaches in action. Training Seminar, Richmond, Ohio.
  • (10/01/2004). Effective supervision in teh community policing era. Training Seminar, Fairfield, Ohio.
  • (12/10/2003). Effective supervision in the community policing era. Training Seminar, Roanoke, VA.
  • (11/18/2011). Rethinking Packer: What New Approaches to Policing Suggest for the Due Process v Crime Control Tradeoff. American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting, Washington, DC.
  • (07/18/2011). Youth, Gangs, and Violence: Promising Violence Reduction Initiatives in the United States. XXXII International Congress on Law and Mental Health, Berlin, Germany.

Honors & Awards

  • H.C. Buck Niehoff 12th Annual "An Evening with a Great Professor", 10/16/2008.
  • IACP / Motorola Webber Seavey Award for Excellence in Law Enforcement, 2008. (Team award for the Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence).
  • Graduate Student and Faculty Research Mentoring Grant (with Jessica Dunham), College of Education, CJ, & Human Services, University of Cincinnati , 2008.
  • Faculty Incentive Award for Research and Scholarship, College of Education, CJ, & Human Services, University of Cincinnati, 2007.
  • Faculty Incentive Award for Research and Scholarship, College of Education, CJ, & Human Services, University of Cincinnati, 2006.
  • Graduate Student and Faculty Research Mentoring Grant (with Rob Tillyer), College of Education, CJ, & Human Services, University of Cincinnati, 2006.
  • Faculty Incentive Award for Research and Scholarship, College of Education, CJ, & Human Services, University of Cincinnati, 2005.
  • Graduate Student and Faculty Research Mentoring Grant (with Richard Johnson), College of Education, CJ, & Human Services, University of Cincinnati, 2005.
  • Promotion of Diversity Award, Center for the Advancement of Teaching & Learning, University of Cincinnati, 2004.
  • Faculty Incentive Award for Research and Scholarship, College of Education, CJ, & Human Services, University of Cincinnati, 2004.
  • Faculty Incentive Award for Research and Scholarship, College of Education, University of Cincinnati, 2003.
  • Recipient, U.S. Speaker and Specialist Grant, U.S. State Department, Office of International Information Programs, 2002.
  • Selected workshop participant, “Quantitative Analysis of Crime and Criminal Justice”, Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research, University of Michigan, 2001.
  • Eliot H. Lumbard award for academic excellence, 1998.
  • Travel grant award (competitive funding), 1997.
  • Initiatives for Women Award (for academic achievement), University at Albany, 1995.
  • Teaching assistant (competitive funding), University at Albany, 1993 to 1994.
  • Graduate student fellowship (competitive funding), University at Albany, 1992 to 1993.
  • Phi Beta Kappa National Honor Society, 1992.
  • Alpha Phi Sigma Criminal Justice National Honor Society, 1992.
  • Golden Key National Honor Society, 1992.
  • International Association of Chiefs of Police/ West Excellence in Criminal Investigations Award , 2009. (Team award with the Cincinnati Police Department).
  • Outstanding Service Award, Division of Criminal Justice, UC, 2009.
  • Faculty Incentive Award for Research and Scholarship, 2009. College of Education, Criminal Justice, and Human Services (University of Cincinnati).
  • Fraternal Order of Police Citizen's Award, 2009.
  • National Criminal Justice Association's Outstanding Criminal Justice Program Award, 2008. (Team award for the Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence).
  • Faculty Incentive Award for Research and Scholarship, 2008. College of Education, Criminal Justice, and Human Services (University of Cincinnati).

Experience & Service

Work Experience

  • 04-2006 to Present, Director, University of Cincinnati Policing Institute, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.
  • 06-2002 to Present, Associate Professor, Division of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.
  • 06-2002 to Present, Research Associate, Center for Criminal Justice Research, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.
  • 06-2002 to 08-2003, Visiting Scientist, Population Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.
  • 09-1999 to 05-1994, Instructor, School of Criminal Justice, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, NY.
  • 07-1999 to 06-2002, Assistant Professor, Crime, Law and Justice, Department of Sociology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.
  • 08-1998 to 06-1999, Instructor, Crime, Law, and Justice, Department of Sociology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.

Events Organized

  • Engel, R. S. & Johnson, R. Effective Supervision in the Community Policing Era (10/01/2004, Training workshop presented to the Fairfield, OH Police Department.
  • Engel, R. S. & Johnson, R. Effective Supervision in the Community Policing Era (12/10/2003, Training workshop presented to the Roanoke, VA Police Department.

Service

  • Committee Chair, University of Cincinnati, Division of Criminal Justice Policing Committee, 2003 to Present
  • Committee Chair, University of Cincinnati, Division of Criminal Justice Speakers Committee,
  • Committee Member, University of Cincinnati, Division of Criminal Justice Graduate Committee, 2004 to 2005
  • Committee Member, University of Cincinnati, Division of Criminal Justice Graduate Committee, 2002 to 2003
  • Committee Member, University of Cincinnati, Division of Criminal Justice Masters Committee, 2002 to 2003
  • Committee Member, University of Cincinnati, Division of Criminal Justice Criminal Justice Committee, 2002 to Present
  • Committee Member, University of Cincinnati, Division of Criminal Justice Policing Committee, 2002 to 2003
  • Committee Member, University of Cincinnati, Division of Criminal Justice Undergraduate Curriculum Committee, 2003 to 2004
  • Pennsylvania State University, Crime Law & Justice Program Faculty Liaison for the Justice Association (undergraduate group), 2000 to 2002
  • Pennsylvania State University, Crime Law & Justice Program Departmental Advisory Board, 1998 to 1999
  • Committee Member, Pennsylvania State University, Crime Law & Justice Program Undergraduate Committee, 2000 to 2002
  • Committee Chair, Pennsylvania State University, Crime Law & Justice Program Social Committee, 1998 to 2001
  • Committee Member, Pennsylvania State University, Crime Law & Justice Program Recruitment Committee, 1999 to 2002
  • Committee Member, Pennsylvania State University, Crime Law & Justice Program Graduate Committee, 2003 to 2004
  • American Society of Criminology Constitution Committee, 2007 to 2008
  • Police Supervisory Training Seminars provided for municipal police agencies 2003 to 2004
  • American Society of Criminology 2006 Annual Meetings Area Chair, 2005 to 2006
  • Committee Member, Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Award Committee, 2005 to 2006
  • Committee Member, American Society of Criminology Ethical Issues Committee, 2004 to 2006
  • Committee Chair, Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Ethics Committee, 2005 to 2007
  • Committee Member, Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Ethics Committee, 2004 to 2007
  • American Society of Criminology 2004 Annual Meetings Area Chair, 2003 to 2004
  • Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences 2004 Annual Meetings Area Chair, 2003 to 2004
  • Justice Quarterly Associate Editor, 2001 to Present
  • Police Quarterly Associate Editor, 2008 to Present
  • Manuscript Reviewer for Criminology, Justice Quarterly, Criminology & Public Policy, Law & Society Review, Social Science Quarterly, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Police Quarterly,Criminal Justice Review, Police Practice and Research: An International Journal, Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, Journal of Health Politics , 1999 to Present
  • Panel Chair and Discussant at the ACJS annual meetings 1995 to 2005
  • Panel Chair and Discussant at the ASC annual meetings 1999 to 2005
  • Academic course consultation for Elizabethtown College Elizabethtown, PA, 2000
  • American Society of Criminology employment exchange committee, 1998 to 2000
  • Television interviews CBS, NBC, ABC, Fox, Cleveland, OH, 2007
  • Television interview WNBC Channel 5, Cincinnati, OH, 2003
  • Television interviews central / western Pennsylvania stations, 1999 to 2000
  • Printed media interviews east coast and mid-Atlantic newspapers, 1999 to Present
  • Interview, “Walking the walk: What kind of supervisors do patrol officers respond to? A new study takes a look.” Law Enforcement News, Vol. XXIX, No. 604 August 31, 2003
  • Who Killed Our Kids volunteer grant writer, 2007 to Present
  • Fundraiser event coordinator benefiting the Women’s Resource Center 2000
  • Bias-based policing, policy, and statistical consultant:,
  • Board Member, National Institute of Justice Forensics Genetics Working Group, 05-2009 to Present
  • Board Member, City of Cincinnati 10-year Strategic Plan Agenda 360. Urban Renaissance Action Team, expert consultant, 06-2007 to 06-2008
  • Board Member, Turkish National Police 2nd Annual Istanbul Conference on Democracy and Global Security, 2006 to 2007
  • Board Member, University of Cincinnati Hospital and Cincinnati Bar Foundation Out of the Crossfire, 02-2007 to 09-2009
  • Board Member, Police Executive Research Forum and COPS, Department of Justice Biased-bases policing, denominator conferences, 03-2004 to 08-2004
  • Board Member, New Jersey Department of Law and pUblic Safety; The New Jersey Office of the Attorney General Eliminating Unintentional Racial Biases in Police Officer Decison-Making, 02-2004 to 02-2005

Other Experience and Professional Memberships

  • American Society of Criminology (ASC),
  • Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (ACJS),
  • . Hamilton County Ohio Police Association (HCPA)
  • . Cincinnati Citizen's Police Association (CCPA)

Courses Taught

  • 18-CJ-101 INTRO TO CRIM JUST
    Level: Undergraduate

  • 18-CJ-201 INTRO TO POLICING
    Level: Undergraduate

  • 18-CJ-352 POLICE & THE COMM
    Level: Undergraduate

  • 18-CJ-481 POLICE & THE COMM
    Level: Undergraduate

  • 18-CJ-505
    18-CJ-505
    Level: Graduate

  • 18-CJ-702
    18-CJ-702
    Level: Graduate

  • 18-CJ-730
    18-CJ-730

  • 18-CJ-810
    18-CJ-810
    Level: Graduate

  • 18-CJ-881
    18-CJ-881
    Level: Graduate